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The reasons and consequences of a mass emigration of Romanies into the EU states

Príčiny a dôsledky hromadnej migrácie Rómov do štátov EÚ


Juliana Krokusová, Ústav regionálnych a národnostných štúdií Prešovskej univerzity v Prešove, 

ISSN: 1335-3608


In the second half of the 1990s there appeared a new phenomenon in the European space – a mass emigration of the Slovak Romanies into the EU states, especially to the Great Britain, Belgium and Finland. Not only the Slovak, but also many European masmedia have payed a great attention to this problem. The portrait of Slovakia abroad has negatively changed and the country has been considered even an undemocratic and racialist. The situation has also been getting complicated by establishing and following withdrawal of visa requirement. The situation roused the resentment of the Slovak citizens and perplexed the traveling into the EU states. This condition, however, has revealed many limitations within the migration politics of the EU as a whole.  It has also pointed at bad living conditions of Romanies in Slovakia and at their own passivity and illegal background what had initiated their mass leaving. At present Romanies are still migrating for job abroad, but not of a mass character. The open market enables them to  find work and to change their actual lifestyle.

Bibliographic information

KROKUSOVÁ, Juliana. The reasons and consequences of a mass emigration of Romanies into the EU states. Individual and Society, 2007, Vol. 10, No. 3.

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