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Existenčné podmienky českých a slovenských stredoškolských profesorov na Slovensku v rokoch 1918-1938

Existencial conditions of czech and slovak high school teachers in Slovakia in 1918-1938

Autor:

Pavol Matula, Spoločenskovedný ústav SAV Košice, matula@saske.sk

ISSN: 1335-3608

Abstrakt (sk)


 

Abstract

The foundation of the 1. Czecho-Slovak Republic  brought the liberation from the Hungarian opression for the Slovak  nation. The Slovaks could start educating their youth in their mother  tongue at secondary schools and universities again. Due to the lack of  Slovak teachers and schoolmasters in Slovakia, Czech pedagogues came to  help the Slovak school system. The living conditions of schoolmasters in Slovakia differed to a big extent from the conditions in Bohemia. Rents and prices of food were much higher in Slovakia and there was also a  lack of free flats and rooms for rent there. The most expensive  localities were Bratislava and Košice. Inspite of the small number of Slovak  schoolmasters, central departments of education did not use even the few available ones. They preferred Czech schoolmasters. This tendency lead  to tensions between Czech and Slovak colleagues. During the first years  of the republic, the situation was worse due to the fact, that Czech  schoolmasters received higher salaries than the Slovak ones. The different approach of central departments of education to Czech and Slovak schoolmasters eventually resulted in the  deterioration of Czech and Slovak relations as a whole.

Keywords

Czech pedagogues. Czechoslovak republic. Slovak schoolmasters.

Bibliografické informácie (sk)

MATULA, Pavol. Existenčné podmienky českých a slovenských stredoškolských profesorov na Slovensku v rokoch 1918-1938. Človek a spoločnosť, 1998, roč. 1, č. 3.

Bibliographic information

MATULA, Pavol. Existencial conditions of czech and slovak high school teachers in Slovakia in 1918-1938. Individual and Society, 1998, Vol. 1, No. 3.

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