Esencializmus a konštruktivizmus v politikách homogenizácie
Esencialism and constructivism in the policies of homogenization
Despite some important convergences in their basic objectives, it is not accidental that the Nazi formulation of the Jewish Problem culminated in genocide (i.e., the systematic physical destruction of an entire human group as such) while the Communist view of the Gypsy Problem led instead to enforced assimilation. By conceiving of its internal others as objective enemies such that the traits making them enemies were immutable, the Nazi regime left nothing in the way of physically removing all carriers of the negatively valued traits. On the other hand, the Communist view of negatively valued traits as changeable shaped attempts to bring those designated as other into the social body. Thus, whereas the Nazi regime essentialized difference by rooting it in biology, the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe were constructivist insofar as they treated difference as an historical accident and therefore (in most cases) as viable for reversal.
Esencialism. Constructivism. Communist regimes. Eastern Europe.
Bibliografické informácie (sk)
FRIEDMAN, Eben. Esencializmus a konštruktivizmus v politikách homogenizácie. Človek a spoločnosť, 2001, roč. 4, č. 1.
FRIEDMAN, Eben. Esencialism and constructivism in the policies of homogenization. Individual and Society, 2001, Vol. 4, No. 1.
Článok v PDF
EN: Esencialism and constructivism in the policies of homogenization