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Esencializmus a konštruktivizmus v politikách homogenizácie

Esencialism and constructivism in the policies of homogenization

Autor:

Eben Friedman, eben@weber.ucsd.edu 

ISSN: 1335-3608

Abstrakt (sk)

 

Abstract

Despite some important convergences in their basic objectives, it is not accidental that the Nazi formulation of the Jewish Problem culminated  in genocide (i.e., the systematic physical destruction of an entire  human group as such) while the Communist view of the Gypsy Problem led  instead to enforced assimilation.  By conceiving of its internal others  as objective enemies such that the traits making them enemies were  immutable, the Nazi regime left nothing in the way of physically  removing all carriers of the negatively valued traits.  On the other  hand, the Communist view of negatively valued traits as changeable  shaped attempts to bring those designated as other into the social body.  Thus, whereas the Nazi regime essentialized difference by rooting it  in biology, the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe were constructivist  insofar as they treated difference as an historical accident and  therefore (in most cases) as viable for reversal. 

Keywords

Esencialism. Constructivism. Communist regimes. Eastern Europe.

Bibliografické informácie (sk)

FRIEDMAN, Eben. Esencializmus a konštruktivizmus v politikách homogenizácie. Človek a spoločnosť, 2001, roč. 4, č. 1.

Bibliographic information

FRIEDMAN, Eben. Esencialism and constructivism in the policies of homogenization. Individual and Society, 2001, Vol. 4, No. 1.

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