Historický vývoj rómskych osád na Slovensku a problematika vlastníckych vzťahov k pôde („nelegálne osady“)
Historical development of Roma settlements in Slovakia and the issue of ownership of land (
The paper has a specific character and was elaborate on the basis of Commissioner of Slovak Republic for the Roma minorities. Because marked politicization of the Roma allegedly illegally constructed settlements, Commissioner together with the Council of Europe organize a workshop (OSCE ODHIR) under the name „The lodging of Roma and Roma settlements – solving of the social exclusion“. The paper is monitoring, in parallel, a historical context of arrival of Roma to Slovak territory and a development of land ownership relations in the period of feudalism. The attention is devoted to the period of enlightenment and the Teresian urbarian regulation and the „Gypsy“ regulation in 18th century. In conditions of feudal Hungary the complicated transition to the industrial period and continuity of the Roma settlements are documenting not only registers from the end of 18th century, but also the Hungarian General Registry from year 1893. The newest conclusions are confirming the authenticity of the Roma population in Slovakia and predominance of settled Roma population. The paper include the period of the first CSR and complexity of transition of land ownership relations. The most pernicious impact upon the Roma settlements had the discriminatory measures of war period, when inhabitants of the Roma settlements were compulsory transferred into remote areas designed by representatives of given localities. Gethoization of the Roma proceeded also after the war period, though socialist plan of liquidation of the Roma settlements was never effectuated completely. The new construction was frequently made in places of original settlements and not in the inside perimeter of respective localities. For the new evidence of land ownership relations was responsible the Geodesy Office and local national committees.
Roma settlements. Slovakia. Hungarian General Registry.
Bibliografické informácie (sk)
JUROVÁ, Anna. Historický vývoj rómskych osád na Slovensku a problematika vlastníckych vzťahov k pôde („nelegálne osady“). Človek a spoločnosť, 2002, roč. 5, č. 4.
JUROVÁ, Anna. Historical development of Roma settlements in Slovakia and the issue of ownership of land ("illegal settlements"). Individual and Society, 2002, Vol. 5, No. 4.
Článok v PDF
EN: Historical development of Roma settlements in Slovakia and the issue of ownership of land (